FIRST OF ALL, THANK YOU, THANK YOU FOR INVITING ME. I WAS TRYING TO COUNT UP, AND I THINK THIS IS MY THIRD OR FOURTH TIME TO SPEAK TO AN ORGANIZATION SINCE I G0T THIS CUSHY JOB. I REALLY AM NOT INTO PUBLIC SPEAKING AS I AM SURE YOU ARE ABOUT TO FIND OUT. BUT MY ADVENTURES IN IRAQ TAUGHT ME SOMETHING THAT I WOULD VERY MUCH LIKE TO SHARE WITH YOU. I HAVE BEEN FORTUNATE OVER THE PAST 5 OR 6 YEARS TO GET TO SUCH EXOTIC PLACES AS BOSNIA, INDONESIA AND MOROCCO. BUT, IRAQ IS MY SWAN SONG, FIRST, I AM TOO OLD FOR SUCH ADVENTURES, AND, SECOND, CHARLOTTE WONT LET ME. (Seriously, I would be less than truthful if I did not tell you that in mid April, while we were testing a 40 year marriage by building a house I got a call from doj asking if I would be willing to go to Iraq for up to three months to evaluate the justice system of Iraq and make recommendations. Went home, told Charlotte of the offer and said "this is something I really would like to do, but it is entirely up to you, if you say no, no problem" without a pause she said "how could I possibly tell you, no?" What a wife, she didn't even ask about my life insurance! )

I HAVE ASSURED HER, NO MORE ADVENTURES. WELL, I DO HAVE AN INVITATION TO GO TO NEW DELHI THIS WINTER THAT I HAVE TO THINK ABOUT.



BUT, I AM HERE TO TELL YOU SOMETHING OF MY FIVE WEEKS IN IRAQ.

LET ME BEGIN WITH A DISCLAIMER, I WAS IN IRAQ FOR FEWER THAN 40 DAYS, I WAS IN BAGHDAD FOR A LITTLE OVER THREE WEEKS AND IN THE THREE PROVINCES OF THE FAR SOUTH FOR TWO WEEKS. I AM LIMITED IN WHAT I SAW AND HEARD. NEEDLESS TO SAY, THE OPINIONS ARE MY OWN. I WANT TO MAKE IT CLEAR THAT INITIALLY, I VEHEMENTLY OPPOSED THE WAR.



THE TEAM OF 12 THAT WENT TO IRAQ WAS TO ASSESS THE JUDICIARY AND TO MAKE RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE FUTURE. WE WERE SENT TOO SOON AND WITHOUT SUFFICIENT PLANNING AND FORETHOUGHT. ACCORDINGLY WE WERE FORCED TO PLAY OUR PART BY EAR. ULTIMATELY, WE WERE SUCCESSFUL. NO THANKS TO THE CIVIL AUTHORITIES IN WASHINGTON OR IRAQ.

WE WERE DIVIDED INTO 4 TEAMS. THE SOUTHERN TEAM, MIKE FARHANG, AN AUSA FROM LOS ANGELES, HARVARD SUMA UNDERGRADUATE, HARVARD LAW REVIEW, LINGUIST, 5 LANGUAGES; RICH COUGHLIN, FEDERAL PUBLIC DEFENDER FROM NEW JERSEY, WHO ABANDONED WIFE AND 23 MONTH OLD DAUGHTER TO VOLUNTEER FOR THIS. AND ME. WE WERE ACCOMPANIED BY AN INTERPRETER, PROTECTED BY WHAT I CALLED OUR MINDERS. (WELL, THEY WERE FOUR IRAQIS, WELL ARMED WITH 9MM HAND GUNS AND AK47S).

I FELT LIKE A MAFIA DON AT TIMES, FOR INSTANCE WHEN WE WENT OUT TO EAT IN BASRAH: TELL EM

WE HAD A LOT OF REAL ESTATE TO COVER, 3 PROVINCES, BASRA, MAYSAN AND MUTHANNA. AND A LOT OF PEOPLE TO SEE. WE HAD NO DIRECTION FROM THE CIVIL AUTHORITIES ON HOW TO ACCOMPLISH OUR MISSION. COMMUNICATIONS BETWEEN MILITARY AND CIVILIAN AND CIVILIAN AND CIVILIAN IS DICEY AT BEST. LARGELY LIMITED TO THYRIA SATELITE PHONES. BASRA IS A CITY OF THREE MILLION SOULS.

DURING THE TWO WEEKS WE WERE THERE, WE TALKED TO A FEW HUNDRED IRAQIS, INTERVIEWED ABOUT 60 JUDGES. WE COULD NOT HAVE DONE OUR ASSIGNMENT HAD WE NOT HAD GREAT HELP FROM OUR DANISH COLLEAGUES AND THE FIRST ARMORED DIVISION (UK) (THE FAMED DESERT RATS)'S LEGAL ADVISORS PLUS A HUGE AMOUNT OF LUCK.

WE HAD LITTLE OR NO HELP FROM OUR CIVIL AUTHORITIES - ORHA, OFFICE OF RELIEF AND HUMANITARIAN AUTHORITY, NOW OPCA, OFFICE OF THE PROVISIONAL COALITION AUTHORITY. AMBASSADOR BRENNER'S GROUP. AS YOU MIGHT TELL FROM MY TONE, I REMAIN BITTER ABOUT THAT ASPECT OF MY ADVENTURE. SO YOU MIGHT DISCOUNT SOME OF MY FUTURE CRITICISM OF THE CIVIL AUTHORITIES.



PAUSE



BEFORE I BEGIN ABOUT MY ADVENTURES, LET ME ANTICIPATE SOME QUESTIONS THAT I HAVE BEEN MOST OFTEN ASKED:



SHOULD WE HAVE INVADED?

CAN WE ESTABLISH A RESPONSIBLE GOVERNMENT IN IRAQ?

WILL WE?

DESPITE MY INITIAL OPPOSITION TO THE WAR, I AM NOW CONVINCED, WHETHER WE FIND ANY WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION OR PROVE SADDAM SHELTERED AND FINANCED TERRORISTS,

ABSOLUTELY, WE SHOULD HAVE OVERTHROWN THE BATHISTS, INDEED, WE SHOULD HAVE DONE IT SOONER .



WHAT CHANGED MY MIND?



WHEN I LEFT IN MID JUNE, 57 MASS GRAVES HAD BEEN FOUND, ONE WITH THE BODIES OF 1200 CHILDREN. THERE HAVE BEEN CREDIBLE REPORTS OF MURDER, BRUTALITY AND TORTURE OF HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF ORDINARY IRAQI CITIZENS. THERE IS POVERTY ON A MONUMENTAL SCALE AND FEAR ON A LARGER ONE. AND THAT IS WHY WE MUST FIND SADDAM HUSSEIN AND HIS SONS. THE FEAR THERE IS PALPABLE!

I HAVE SEEN THE MACHINES AND PLACES OF TORTURE. I WILL TELL YOU ONE STORY TOLD TO ME BY THE CHIEF OF PEDIATRICS AT THE MEDICAL COLLEGE IN BASRA. IT WAS ONE OF THE MOST SHOCKING TO ME, BUT I HEARD WORSE.



ONE OF SADDAM'S SECURITY AGENTS WAS SENT TO QUESTION A SHI'I IN HIS HOME. THE INTERROGATION TOOK PLACE IN THE LIVING ROOM IN THE PRESENCE OF THE MAN'S WIFE, WHO HELD THEIR THREE MONTH OLD CHILD AT HER BREAST. A QUESTION WAS ASKED AND THE THUG DID NOT LIKE THE ANSWER; HE ASKED IT AGAIN, SAME ANSWER. HE GRABBED THE BABY FROM ITS MOTHER AND PLUCKED ITS EYE OUT. AND THEN REPEATED HIS QUESTION.

WORSE THINGS HAPPENED WITH THE KNOWLEDGE, INDEED WITH THE PARTICIPATION, OF SADDAM, HIS FAMILY AND THE BATHIST REGIME. THAT ALONE CONVINCES ME THAT WE WERE RIGHT TO INVADE, AND WE SHOULD HAVE SOONER. THOUSANDS SUFFERED WHILE WE WERE MESSING ABOUT WITH FRANCE AND RUSSIA AND GERMANY IN THE UN. EVERY ONE KNEW WHAT WAS GOING ON THERE, BUT FRANCE AND THE U.N. WERE MAKING MILLIONS ADMINISTERING THE FOOD FOR OIL PROGRAM. WAS THAT THE REASON FOR THE DELAY, I DO NOT KNOW, BUT THERE IT IS.



WE CANNOT, I KNOW, REMAKE THE WORLD, NOR DO I BELIEVE WE SHOULD . WE CANNOT STAMP OUT EVIL IN THE WORLD, I KNOW. BUT THIS TIME WE WERE MORALLY RIGHT AND OUR ECONOMIC AND STRATEGIC INTERESTS WERE INVOLVED . I SUBMIT THAT JUST BECAUSE WE CANT DO EVERYTHING DOESN'T MEAN THAT WE SHOULD DO NOTHING. WE SHOULD DO WHAT WE CAN, WHEN WE CAN.

THE TOUGH QUESTION IS THE LAST, CAN WE ESTABLISH AN RESPONSIBLE GOVERNMENT OVER THERE. OH, WE CAN, THE REAL QUESTION IS WILL WE? WE MUST HAVE THE MORAL COURAGE TO SEE THIS THROUGH, TO DO WHATEVER IT TAKES TO SECURE RESPONSIBLE GOVERNMENT FOR THE IRAQI PEOPLE. I FEAR WE WILL QUIT AS THE HORRORS OF WAR COME INTO OUR LIVING ROOMS. LOOK AT THE STORIES YOU ARE GETTING FROM THE MEDIA TODAY. THE STEADY DRIP, DRIP, DRIP OF BAD NEWS MAY DESTROY OUR WILL TO FULFILL THE OBLIGATIONS WE HAVE ASSUMED BY OUR INVASION.

WE ARE NOT GETTING THE WHOLE TRUTH FROM THE NEWS MEDIA. And not always the truth: tell about the riot, tiger stadium!

THE NEWS YOU WATCH, LISTEN TO AND READ IS HIGHLY SELECTIVE. GOOD NEWS DOESN'T SELL,
THIS IS THE KIND OF YOU DON'T HEAR ABOUT.

90% OF THE DAMAGE YOU SEE ON TV WAS CAUSED BY IRAQI'S, NOT BY US. ALL OF THE DAMAGE YOU SEE TO SCHOOLS, HOSPITALS, POWER GENERATION FACILITIES, REFINERIES, PIPELINES, AND WATER SUPPLIES, AS WELL AS SHOPS, MUSEUMS, AND SEMI-PUBLIC BUILDINGS (LIKE HOTELS) WAS CAUSED EITHER BY THE IRAQI ARMY IN ITS DEATH THROES OR IRAQI CIVILIANS LOOTING AND RIOTING.

THE DAY AFTER THE WAR WAS OVER, THERE WAS NEARLY 0 POWER BEING GENERATED IN IRAQ. 45 DAYS LATER, 1/3 OF THE TOTAL NATIONAL POTENTIAL OF 8000 MW IS UP AND RUNNING. DOWNED POWER LINES ARE BEING REPAIRED AND ARE ABOUT 70% COMPLETE.

THERE IS WATER PURIFICATION WHERE LITTLE OR NONE EXISTED BEFORE. WATER IS BEING PURIFIED BY US, NOT ALWAYS SUCCESSFULLY, BUT AS BEST WE CAN, AND AT LEAST IT'S RUNNING AGAIN AND THIS TIME TO EVERYONE.

OIL IS 95% OF THE IRAQI GNP. FOR IRAQ TO SURVIVE, IT MUST SELL OIL. THERE WAS DAMAGE TO THE OIL FIELDS, THE PIPELINES, THE REFINERIES.

ALL DONE BY THE IRAQI ARMY OR LOOTERS. THE 14 STORY OFFICE BUILDING OF THE SOUTHERN IRAQ OIL COMPANY IN BASRA WAS TORCHED BY BATHIST, DESTROYING ALL OF THE BOOKS, RECORDS AND COMPUTERS OF THE COMPANY. TODAY, THE REFINERY AT BAYJI IS AT 75% OF CAPACITY PRODUCING GASOLINE. THE CRUDE PIPELINE BETWEEN KIRKUK AND BAYJI HAS BEEN REPAIRED, THOUGH THE BATHIST KEEP TRYING TO DISRUPT IT. LIQUID PETROLEUM GAS, WHICH ALL IRAQIS USE TO COOK AND HEAT, IS AT 103% OF NORMAL PRODUCTION.

UNTIL EXPORTS START, EVERY DROP OF GASOLINE PRODUCED GOES TO THE IRAQI PEOPLE,
CRUDE OIL IS BEING STORED, WHEN IT CANNOT BE REFINED, IN PREPARATION FOR EXPORT.

IF WE ARE DOING ALL THIS FOR THE PEOPLE, WHY ARE THEY SHOOTING US?

THE GENERAL POPULATION ISN'T. BELIEVE ME, BY MY SAMPLE, 90% ARE GLAD WE CAME AND THE MAJORITY DON'T WANT US TO LEAVE FOR SOME TIME TO COME, BUT, THERE ARE STILL PLENTY OF BAD GUYS, THE BATHISTS WHO LIVED WELL UNDER SADDAM. THE THUGS OF THE OLD REGIME STILL HOPE TO RETURN TO POWER, AND THERE ARE PLENTY OF THEM, MOSTLY LOCATED IN SUNI AREAS. THEN TOO, SADDAM, IN THE RAMADAN AMNESTY, LET EVERY MURDERER, BUTCHER, RAPIST AND VIOLENT CRIMINAL LOOSE ON HIS OWN PEOPLE. THERE ARE INTERESTS, INCLUDING ORGANIZED CRIME, WITH A DESIRE FOR ANARCHY AND PROFIT.

WE MUST RESTORE ORDER, AND WE WILL. MEANWHILE, OUR TROOPS AND IRAQI CIVILIANS WORKING FOR THE COALITION WILL BE ATTACKED EVERYDAY BY SMALL ARMS. SO FAR THE THUGS HAVE KILLED MORE IRAQIS THAN AMERICANS BUT WE ARE LOSING OUR SOLDIERS AT A RATE ALMOST EQUAL TO THE MORTALITY OF THE WAR. I BELIEVE THAT THE FIGURE TODAY IS ON THE ORDER OF 33. AND THIS IS TRAGIC, FOR US, FOR THE FAMILIES OF THE DEAD AND WOUNDED, AND FOR THE IRAQI PEOPLE. THE SIMPLE TRUTH IS, IF THE THUGS WOULD JUST LET US ALONE WE COULD HAVE THAT COUNTRY UP AND RUNNING IN 6 MONTHS. BUT IT TAKES SECONDS TO BLOW UP A PIPE OR POWER LINE AND DAYS TO REPAIR.

FINALLY, AND I DON'T KNOW HOW TO SAY THIS WITHOUT SEEMING CALLOUS , BUT LET'S KEEP OUR PERSPECTIVE, WE HAVE LOST FEWER THAN 300 SOLDIERS, AND FULLY 1/4 OF THAT NUMBER WERE DUE TO ACCIDENTS. I DO NOT MINIMIZE THOSE LOSSES, THAT OUR MEN AND WOMEN DIE WHILE TRYING TO HELP THE IRAQI PEOPLE IS TRAGIC.

BUT, THAT IS WHAT ARMIES DO. SOLDIERS BREAK THINGS AND KILL AND ARE KILLED. I DO NOT BELIEVE THAT OUR MEN AND WOMEN ARE SACRIFICING IN VAIN NOR, I BELIEVE, DO THEY. I SAW AND TALKED TO MANY OF OUR SOLDIERS, THEY KNOW WHY WE ARE THERE. AND WHILE THEY WANT TO COME HOME, I DO NOT BELIEVE THEY WANT TO ABANDON THEIR CHARGE.

I TALKED TO A YOUNG FEMALE LAW STUDENT, WHO BESEECHED ME: PROMISE ME THAT YOU WONT LEAVE. I WILL BE KILLED FOR TALKING TO YOU. PROMISE ME THAT YOU WILL NOT ALLOW THE NEW GOVERNMENT TO DISCRIMINATE AGAINST US (WOMEN). I PROMISED, I HOPE WE KEEP THAT PROMISE.

THE COALITION FORCES ARE DOING A VERY NOBLE THING THERE. THEY DESERVE OUR UNWAVERING SUPPORT.


OK, ENOUGH PREACHING



LET ME GIVE YOU A READER'S DIGEST VERSION OF MY ADVENTURES AND TRY TO LEAVE TIME FOR QUESTIONS:

FIRST WEEK IN FORT BLISS, FOR EQUIPPING, IMMUNIZATION (I FEAR NO INFECTION FROM ANTHRAX TO TYPHOID) WHERE I WAS ISSUED SUCH USEFUL ITEMS AS WINTER UNDERWEAR AND A DOWN SLEEPING BAG.

WE FLEW TO KUWAIT CITY BY CHARTER FLIGHT, WHERE WE HAD TWO DAYS AND A NIGHT TO RECOVER AND THEN TOTO BAGHDAD BY CONVOY. 21 SUV'S AND A LEAD AND FOLLOW CAR. WE WERE PROMISED WE WOULD BE IN BAGHDAD IN 8 OR 9 HOURS THAT IT WAS ALL "GREEN" ROAD, LIKE OUR INTERSTATES, WE WERE TO HAVE A MILITARY ESCORT AND AIR COVER. BAGHDAD WAS ABOUT 300 MILES AWAY WHEN WE BEGAN. WITHIN 10 KILOMETERS OF CROSSING THE BORDER, OUR LEADER GOT LOST; THERE WAS NO MILITARY PRESENCE AND THE ROADS WERE HARDLY WORTHY OF THE NAME. WE GOT TO BAGHDAD AFTER DARK, WAY AFTER DARK, HAVING DRIVEN 480 MILES AT SPEEDS THAT VARIED BETWEEN 5 AND 90 MILES AN HOUR.



MILES AND MILES OF DESERT, YOU HAVE NEVER SEEN POVERTY LIKE THIS. I SAW ONE LITTLE GIRL: SHE WAS SLENDER, VERY PRETTY AND I WOULD SAY 5 OR 6 YEARS OLD, IN A TATTERED DRESS WITH A BROAD RED HEM, PART OF WHICH WAS TORN AND DRAGGING IN THE DIRT. ****Here she is. FILTHY. SHE WOULD TOUCH HER HEART, AND MAKE HUNGRY GESTURES. SHE WAS DUPLICATED A THOUSAND TIMES DURING THE JOURNEY. WE SAW POVERTY ON A SCALE THAT I HAVE NEVER WITNESSED EXCEPT IN PICTURES OF HAITI.

WE ENCOUNTERED BEDOUINS WHOSE WAY OF LIFE HAS NOT CHANGED IN A THOUSAND YEARS AND PROBABLY WONT FOR THE NEXT THOUSAND. ****PICTURE CAMELS IN A SAND STORM.

BY THE TIME WE GOT TO THE OUTSKIRTS OF BAGHDAD IT WAS DARK. THERE WAS NO MILITARY ESCORT, THERE WERE PEOPLE WALKING ON THE ROAD, TRASH AND ABANDONED CARS LITTERING THE ROAD, AND I WAS DRIVING 60 TO 70 MILES AN HOUR WEAVING IN AND OUT TRYING TO KEEP UP WITH THE VEHICLE IN FRONT. I CAME WITHIN INCHES OF KILLING A WOMAN DRESSED IN BLACK, I COULD NOT SEE HER AND SHE STEPPED RIGHT IN FRONT OF ME. SURELY SHE FELT MY SIDE MIRROR. I am ashamed to tell you that I would not have stopped had i hit her. I was that scared. It was an unwelcome truth about myself.

WE WERE #16 IN THE CONVOY. AND # 14 RAN OUT OF GAS. THE LAST 7 VEHICLES PULLED IN BEHIND HIM SO HE COULD PUT IN GAS FROM HIS JERRY CAN. THE FIRST 13 VEHICLE LEFT US. ALL WE HAD WAS OUR FOLLOWER WHO KNEW WHERE WE WERE. WE WERE BROKEN DOWN ON THE ONLY LIGHTED STRETCH OF HIGHWAY IN BAGHDAD, NOT EVEN A PISTOL AMONG US, PEOPLE ALL AROUND, COMING UP TO THE US BEGGING AND SUDDENLY, CLOSE OFF TO THE RIGHT SEMI- AUTOMATIC FIRE BEGAN IN EARNEST. WE ALL LEAPT FOR HELMET AND KELVAR VESTS. THE FOLLOW UP VEHICLE TOOK THE LEAD AND WE LEFT, FAST. I HAVE NEVER BEEN SO FRIGHTENED, BEFORE OR SINCE. THAT WAS MY INTRODUCTION TO BAGHDAD. WE WERE IN BAGHDAD FOR TWO WEEKS WHILE WE WAITED FOR SOMEONE TO GIVE US OUR ASSIGNMENT. WE DID SEE A LOT OF BAGHDAD (including the Tigris ***) AND ATTENDED A LOT OF SHOW AND TELL AT ORHA.

We learned of the legal intricacies under some of our international conventions . Like: defining private and public property . Saddam appropriated property without paying, built public buildings and palaces and now the victims want it back. Is that public or private property? Another problem: rioters and looters: the army are not permitted to use deadly force to stop robbery and looting. only when life is in danger. they are prohibited BY TREATY from using tear gas (chemical weapon. We are going to have to rewrite our rules of engagement to allow for use of non-lethal weapons.



THE CITY WAS RIFE WITH RUMORS AND NO RUMOR IS TOO STUPID TO BE PICKED UP AND PASSED ON AND BELIEVED BY SOME ONE. ON NPR TODAY FOR EXAMPLE: THE GOGGLES THAT OUR SOLDIERS WEAR DURING DUST STORMS, THE RUMOR IS THAT WITH THEM THE SOLDIERS CAN SEE THROUGH THE WOMEN'S CLOTHES. ONE OF OUR SOLDIERS HANDED HIS GOGGLES TO A CITIZEN TO CHECK THIS OUT. "AH, BUT THERE IS A SECRET BUTTON ON THEM THAT YOU DO NOT TELL ME ABOUT!"



REMEMBER THE POVERTY I SPOKE OF: SADDAM ALONE, NOT COUNTING OUDAY AND OUSAY AND THE 12 LEADING BATHISTS, HAD 43 PALACES. WE ARE USING SEVERAL FOR CIVILIAN GOVERNMENT. THE ONE WHERE ORHA IS LOCATED IS THE REPUBLICAN PALACE. (*** THIS IS THE MAIN GATE, AND THIS *** ONE OF THE SIDE ENTRANCES TO THE MAIN PALACE). THE GROUNDS OCCUPY OVER 2000 ACRES. IT IS A MONUMENT TO NARCISSISM, {NAR CI CISM} (* * * 3)FOUR 25 FOOT TALL HEADS OF SADDAM DECORATE THE FRONT OF THE PALACE, AND HIS PORTRAITS AND STATUES ARE EVERYWHERE) AND TO BAD TASTE. **** ( )WE WENT TO A SECOND PALACE BY THE AIRPORT. IT IS SURROUNDED BY A LAKE. THE LAKE CREATED BY DIVERTING Tigris WATER WHICH LIMITED AGRICULTURAL IRRIGATION DOWN STREAM. ( ) The j dan bomb????

HIS PALACE IN BASRA WAS USED BY HIM ONLY ONCE I AM TOLD. ( )



COMPARE MY QUARTERS IN THE EKKAL (3)



BAGHDAD IMPROVES DAILY. WHEN I GOT THERE, THERE WERE FEW CARS, ALL OLD, MAINLY BEING PUSHED IN GAS LINES THAT STRETCHED FOR MILES, FEW PEOPLE, NO WOMEN OR CHILDREN, NO COMMERCE, AND WHEN I LEFT, TRAFFIC JAMS, NEW CARS, WOMEN AND CHILDREN BY THE THOUSANDS, RESTAURANTS, MERCHANTS, INCLUDING RUGS - BOUGHT ONE! THAT IS ANOTHER STORY - SHOPS OF ALL KINDS, LOTS OF LOOT AT SIDEWALK SALES, ETC. NO GAS LINES WORTHY OF THE NAME.



WE FINALLY GOT OUR ORDERS TO GO TO BASRA, FIRST IT WAS THURSDAY, THEN FRIDAY, AND WE LEFT ON SUNDAY. How we got to basra is an adventure in itself. Turns out the brits did not even know we were in country so they had no plans to convoy us. So they had us drive to the baghdad airport and loaded us on a c-130, 4 guys and 2 huge suvs (Rich, 2 bags to start, 2 from the army, one from dyncorp, suv, plane, where is the aircraft carrier?)



BASRA FUNCTIONS FAIRLY WELL EXCEPT FOR THE POWER. THERE ARE 6 LINES INTO THE CITY. IT DOES NOT HAVE A STANDARD POWER GRID BECAUSE SADDAM USED POWER AND OTHER ESSENTIALS AS A METHOD OF PUNISHING A CITY OF 3 MILLION! HE WOULD CUT POWER FOR DAYS TO PUNISH THEM. WHEN I TELL YOU THE TEMPERATURES THERE, YOU WILL UNDERSTAND HOW BAD THAT WAS. HE HAS MADE NO INVESTMENTS IN THIS AREA SINCE THE GULF WAR WHICH IS OVERWHELMINGLY SHI'I. HE HAS FEW FRIENDS THERE. CONSEQUENTLY, IT EASIER FOR THE BRITS TO GOVERN UNLIKE BAGHDAD. AND THE BRITS ARE DOING A GOOD JOB OF IT. The danes said it was in their genes. THEY ARE DOING IT AT THE MOMENT BY USING PRE-WAR PERSONNEL , PERHAPS CONTRARY TO BRENNER'S DE-BATHIFICATION ORDER.

THE PROBLEM WITH THAT POLICY IS THAT IT REMOVES ALMOST ALL OF THE PEOPLE WHO RAN THE COUNTRY. THE BRITS HAVE BEEN PRAGMATIC: THEY HAVE LARGELY LEFT THE JUDGES AND POLICE IN PLACE AND ARE REMOVING THEM AS THEY SEE THE NEED AND THEY ARE ABLE TO TRAIN AND REPLACE THE BAD ONES. THAT WAS OUR PROBLEM IN HATI, WE TRAINED A POLICE FORCE BUT DID NOT PUT THE JUDICIARY IN PLACE SO THAT THE JAILS JUST FILLED UP AND THEN OVERCROWDING FORCED CRIMINALS OUT. AND THE HATIAN POLICE HAVE LARGELY QUIT. Ouday had a solution to overcrowding, when he received a complaint of overcrowding, he went to the prison and personally shot every 3d prisoner.

**** (5) HERE IS AN EXAMPLE OF THE BRITS APPROACH: THIS IS M'AQAL PRISON WHEN I GOT THERE, THIS IS THE SAME PLACE5 DAYS LATER. WITH QUICK FIX FUNDS, THE BRITS HIRED LOCAL CONTRACTORS WHICH PUT SOME MONEY IN THE ECONOMY AND TOOK SOME UNEMPLOYED OFF THE STREETS.



IN MY OPINION, ONE OF THE LARGEST MISTAKES BRENNER MADE WAS DISMISSING THE IRAQI ARMY. LT COL: OH BOY JUST WHAT WE NEEDED, 250 THOUSAND UNEMPLOYED, ARMED AND TRAINED YOUNG MEN ON THE STREETS.

IN FAIRNESS TO MR. BRENNER, I AM DELIGHTED WITH HIS ABILITY TO CHANGE HIS MIND, HE HAS NOW STARTED TO HIRE THE SOLDIERS BACK AND TRAIN THEM AS POLICEMEN. I THINK HIS SETTING UP OF THE INTERIM GOVERNMENT AND GIVING THEM REAL POWER IS GREAT, EVEN IF LATE. I WOULD BE REMISS IF I DID NOT ALSO REPORT THAT WHEN I WAS THERE THE PERSONNEL IN ORHA WERE WORKING VERY LONG HOURS, 7 DAYS A WEEK, IN UNCOMFORTABLE SURROUNDINGS. AND COMMUNICATIONS WERE TERRIBLE. I WAS SURPRISED AT HOW POOR THE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM WAS BETWEEN CIVILIAN AND CIVILIAN, AND CIVILIAN AND MILITARY. E MAIL WAS THE LEAST UNRELIABLE. I TRUST THAT HAS BEEN RECTIFIED IN THE MONTH THAT I HAVE BEEN HOME.

SPEAKING OF COMMUNICATION:

IN OUR INTERVIEWS, COMMUNICATION WITH THE IRAQIS WAS DIFFICULT AND NOT JUST THE LANGUAGE BARRIER, THEY THINK DIFFERENTLY, AND HAVE DIFFERENT PRIORITIES. LOGIC OFTEN FAILS, CONSISTENCY IS NOT AN IRAQI VIRTUE. FOR EXAMPLE: WE MET THE PRESIDENT OF THE LOCAL BAR ASSOCIATION AND SOME OF HIS MINIONS . THEY TOLD US THE NAMES OF SOME "GOOD JUDGES" AND SOME "BAD". OF COURSE, YOU HAVE TO UNDERSTAND YOU WOULD GET AN ENTIRELY DIFFERENT LIST FROM 4 OTHER PEOPLE. IN FACT YOU WOULD PROBABLY GET A DIFFERENT LIST FROM THESE MEN AN HOUR LATER.

BUT THIS IS HOW THE CONVERSATION WENT:

Q: HOW DO WE KNOW WHICH JUDGES ARE BAD AND WHICH GOOD?

A: I JUST TOLD YOU WHO THEY WERE.

Q: I UNDERSTAND BUT THERE SHOULD BE SOME EVIDENCE.

A. THERE IS EVIDENCE AND I HAVE HEARD IT WITH MY OWN EARS.

Q: I UNDERSTAND, BUT WE HAVE A PROBLEM HERE. CAN YOU GIVE US WITNESSES WHO WILL TELL US WHICH JUDGES ACCEPTED BRIBES?

A: BUT THAT WILL NEVER HAPPEN, BECAUSE TO ADMIT THAT IS TO ADMIT TO A CRIME.

Q. OK, SO HOW DO WE DISCOVER WHO THE BAD JUDGES WERE?

A: I JUST TOLD YOU WHO THEY WERE!



HELLO?

One of the lawyers from the meeting had spent some time in the uk and had passable english took me aside. He said: look, I understand evidence and proof, but you will never get the sort of proof you need. Q: why? A. Because within a week they will be dead! Some member of the tribe will kill the informer. Q: ok what do you suggest? A: remove them all and send good lawyers from other countries to preside. ( was it the bishop of tours who during the albegensian crusade said: "Kill them all, god will know his own"?)



WE TO KEEP IRAQ A SECULAR STATE. THAT WILL PRESENT SOME DIFFICULTIES ASTHERE IS NO CONCEPT OF SEPARATION OF CHURCH AND STATE IN ISLAM. ATTATURK WAS A TRUE REVOLUTIONARY WHERE THIS WAS CONCERNED. THE TRIBAL AND SAHRIA (RELIGIOUS) COURTS ARE FUNCTIONING, AND IF WE DON'T GET A MOVE ON, THEY WILL REPLACE THE CIVIL AND CRIMINAL COURTS.



I FIND IT DIFFICULT TO EXPLAIN HOW DIFFERENTLY THEY THINK. I REMEMBER TELLING MIKE, I DON'T THINK WE ARE ON THE SAME PAGE WITH THIS FELLOW. MIKE SAID: DON, I AM NOT SURE WE ARE IN THE SAME LIBRARY. FOR A LARGE PERCENTAGE OF THE IRAQI PEOPLE, AND THEY ARE THE MOST ADAMANT, FAMILY AND TRIBE ARE EVERYTHING, RELIGION AND THE STATE ARE ONE AND THE SAME. THEY DO NOT UNDERSTAND US. THAT IS OUR BIGGEST PROBLEM IN THE MIDDLE EAST. THEY PERCEIVE OUR WAY OF LIFE AS A THREAT TO THEIRS, .........AND IT IS. THEY FEAR THAT THE MODERN WORLD IS ABOUT TO RUN OVER THEM, DESTROYING FAMILY LIFE, EDUCATING AND FREEING THEIR WOMEN, FORBIDDING HONOR KILLING, COCA COLAS, JEANS, LACK OF PARENTAL RESPECT AND RESPECT FOR THE OLD WAYS AND RELIGION. AND TO DEFEND THEIR WAY OF LIFE AND THEIR RELIGION THEY WILL DIE WITH THE SAME FERVOR WITH WHICH THE CHRISTIANS MARCHED TO THE LIONS. IN THEIR FEAR OF THE THREAT OF WESTERN LIFE, SOME WILL FIGHT AND KILL US ; BUT I REMAIN CONVINCED THAT THE MAJORITY WANT A SECULAR SOCIETY AND THE BEST THAT THE WEST HAS TO OFFER. WE ARE NOT HATED BY EVERYONE. OF THE HUNDREDS I TALKED TO, THE OVERWHELMING MAJORITY THANKED US FOR BEING THERE. HUNDREDS OF ADULTS AND CHILDREN ON THE ROADS WAVED AND SMILED AS WE PASSED BY.



WE WENT TO THE LAW MET WITH ABOUT 300 STUDENTS, ABOUT TEN OF WHOM WERE FEMALE.

THERE WE WERE, THREE AMERICANS AND THEY WANTED US TO FIX THEIR SCHOOL AND THEY THOUGHT WE COULD. THEY THOUGHT AMERICANS COULD DO ANYTHING. THEY WERE LIKE CHILDREN EXPECTING THE GENI FROM THE BOTTLE TO IMMEDIATELY GRATIFY THEIR NEEDS. (Generator story) (answer: steal)THE LAW STUDENTS WERE THE FINEST EXAMPLE OF HOPE THAT I ENCOUNTERED THEY TOLD ME THAT THE FUTURE WAS THEIRS. AND THEY NEEDED AND WANTED OUR HELP.

I BELIEVE WE SHOULD BE PAYING MORE ATTENTION AND GIVING GREATER EFFORT TO RESTORING HIGHER EDUCATION. THESE LAW STUDENTS ARE THE IMMEDIATE FUTURE. WHEN WE MET WITH THEM A WEEK LATER THEY HAD FORMED A PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION, A BUS FOR TRANSPORTATION, FOUND AN DISUSED GRAMMAR SCHOOL FOR CLASSES, GOT THEIR ASSISTANT DEAN TO ROUND UP SOME PROFESSORS WHO WERE TEACHING THEM. STILL THEY NEED HELP AND I AM TRYING TO GET SOME HELP FOR THEM FROM OUR LAW SCHOOLS. LSU HAS REFUSED, SETON HALL AND RUTGERS HAVE PROMISED HELP, I HAVE NOT CONTACTED TULANE YET.

WE CAME BACK FROM BASRA VIA UR. THINK OF IT, UR, THE CITY OF ABRAHAM! THE ZIGARET STILL STANDS. THE TRIP WAS UNEVENTFUL, UNLIKE THE FIRST ONE. OF COURSE, OUR MINDERS KNEW THE WAY.

UPON RETURN TO BAGHDAD, I WENT OUT TO THE MINISTRY OF JUSTICE, TO MEET WITH THE BAGHDAD JUDGES. I WAS ASKED TO REVIEW THE SITUATION IN THE SOUTH. I TOOK ADVANTAGE OF THE SITUATION AND SAID THE FOLLOWING:



"I HAVE READ A LITTLE OF YOUR HISTORY. I KNOW YOU ARE A PROUD PEOPLE WHO HAVE RISEN FROM THE ASHES IN THE PAST, SO I MUST TELL YOU THAT I AM SADDENED AND DISAPPOINTED. I HAVE TALKED TO HUNDREDS OF YOU OVER THE PAST FIVE WEEKS, ALMOST EVERY ONE EDUCATED AND SOME PRIVILEGED. WHAT I HAVE HEARD IS WHAT YOU WANT FROM US, HOW THE AMERICANS HAVE TO FIX THIS AND THAT BEFORE YOU CAN DO ANYTHING. THE ONLY ADULTS TO WHOM I HAVE TALKED THAT WERE PLANNING ON THE FUTURE WERE THOSE LAW STUDENTS IN BASRA. THEY HAD LOST EVERYTHING, THEIR BOOKS, THEIR DESKS, THEIR RECORDS, THEIR SCHOOL. AND THEY WERE DOING SOMETHING ABOUT IT, ON THEIR OWN. YOU NEED TO DO SOME OF THESE THINGS FOR YOURSELVES. IF YOU ARE DEPENDING ON US TO DO EVERYTHING YOU ARE GOING TO BE SADLY DISAPPOINTED."



I GOT A FEW NODS FROM THE JUDGES, ALL BATHISTS, BUT THE TRANSLATOR SAID TO ME: "THANK YOU. I HAVE BEEN WAITING SOMEONE TO TELL THEM THAT."







OUR SOLDIERS, GOD LOVE THEM AND KEEP THEM: THEY SMILE EVERY TIME I GOT A CHANCE TO TALK TO THEM. THEY WANT TO COME HOME. THIS IS BORING, HOT, DIRTY AND DANGEROUS WORK. THEY STAND IN 120 PLUS DEGREES IN FULL BODY ARMOR. I AM TOLD THAT IN HIGH SUMMER (MAY IS COUNTED AS SPRING) IN BASRA IT WILL HIT 155, EVEN 160! SADDAM USED TO DECLARE A PUBLIC HOLIDAY WHEN IT HIT 155. OUR SOLDIERS STAND AT THEIR GUNS, AT READY, IN DANGER. THEY WANT TO COME HOME, BUT I DID NOT HEAR ONE WORD OF COMPLAINT NOR A QUESTION AS TO WHY THEY WERE THERE. SAY A PRAYER FOR THEM. THEY ARE AMAZING. WRITE A LETTER, SEND A NOTE. TELL THEM THANK YOU. DO SOMETHING. SEND THEM A BOOK, A CD, A TAPE, A SPORTS MAGAZINE. BOREDOM DOESN'T STOP WHEN THEY STAND DOWN. THEIR ENTERTAINMENT WAS LARGELY SELF GENERATED. THEY CANT EVEN HAVE A BEER. WHILE THEY WERE IN BATTLE, AND SOME, TO THIS DAY BATHE WITH BABY WIPES. DURING THE WAR, THE ENTIRE ARMY SMELLED LIKE A BUNCH OF BABIES, BUT THEY DON'T FIGHT LIKE ONE, NOR DO THEY ACT LIKE ONE NOW. I HOPE WE ARE WORTHY OF THEIR SACRIFICE.



My last adventure: the day before I left, rich and mike and I were in the hotel dining working on our final report. . It was about two in the afternoon and we hear pop pop pop outside the hotel. (the front wall is plate glass, sitting on a support of concrete about 12 inches high.) mike recognizes the sound first and hits the floor, then our minder's ak- 47s start. Rich and I hit the floor. I look over at the ledge and realize I am thicker than the ledge, so I start crawling for a pillar.Lasted about 10 or 15 seconds with our guys doing most of the shooting. No one hurt. Exciting though.

The guys gave me a going away party that night and the next day, I went away, to kuwait city courtesy of the british air force, to dubai courtesy of sri lanka air, to paris, Via air france. I called charlotte from cdg at 2 a.m. shreveport time and told her, only God can stop me now. Then dulles by DELTA, a great meal at kincades, a morning of debriefing at justice and home again.







ANY QUESTIONS?